[Children's safety] parents pay attention! The child mistakenly played the desiccant and caused blindness in his right eye!

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Boy playing with desiccant in snack

In 20 minutes, the eyeball is completely dissolved

Recently, a video posted on the Internet was crazy. In the video, an 8 -year-old boy put the desiccant in snacks into a drinkable bottle of water and caused an explosion. In just 20 minutes, the boy's right eye was eroded by alkaline fluids, the entire eyeball was dissolved, and life was blind. Many parents are worried about this!

Injured weapon

According to reports, it is not uncommon for food desiccants to cause harm, especially to children.

2011   Taiyuan

In 2011 , a junior high school student in Taiyuan placed the desiccant in a thermos flask with warm water. After a while, the mug exploded suddenly, causing one of the students’ eyes to become blind.

2015   Shangrao

In 2015 , a 5 -year-old boy from Shangrao played with a desiccant. The desiccant was inadvertently in the eye and the eyeball and eyelid burned seriously.

Why is the desiccant so destructive?

Nowadays, food desiccants that can dry and damp-proof have become indispensable accessories for many foods and health products. Even a bag of biscuits, a single package of moon cakes will contain a small bag of food desiccant.

I believe that many people and Xiao Bian do not think that this common item in daily life has become a weapon. However, in the above news, why is the lethality of a small package of desiccant?

Currently available desiccants:

At present, most of the desiccants on the market are calcium oxide (lime), silica gel, ferric oxide, and calcium chloride as main raw materials. These substances are extremely corrosive and cause harm to the human body, and may even lead to the tragedy that causes children to be blind in the report.

Silicone desiccant:

Nowadays, silica gel drying agent is used more often. The appearance is that some transparent or colored beads will change color after absorbing water.

Silica gel itself is not very toxic and stable. It can be used as a well-known plastic device that can be implanted in the body. Even if it is swallowed, it will not be absorbed by the digestive tract and can be excreted with the stool. Unless there is a special reaction such as dizziness, vomiting, etc., no general medical treatment is required.

Montmorillonite and calcium chloride desiccant:

Montmorillonite is the most commonly used antidiarrheal drug for children. Calcium chloride is a calcium supplement and is only slightly irritating.

Because this kind of desiccant may be mixed with some other substances in the industrial production process, we must remember “ DO NOT EAT ”!

Lime desiccant:

For children, the most dangerous is lime desiccant! The composition of lime desiccant is quicklime, which is calcium oxide CaO . Calcium oxide has a strong water absorption and reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide, which releases a lot of heat.

If lime and water are mixed in a closed container, the large amount of heat generated by the reaction between lime and water causes the water to boil, which in turn generates a large amount of water vapor, which causes the pressure inside the sealed bottle to suddenly increase and cause an explosion. After the explosion, the hot water, together with the strong alkali calcium hydroxide in the water, is sprayed on the child's face or eyes, causing burns and more serious consequences.

Dioxide desiccant:

The trait is brown and only slightly irritating.

If your child eats small amounts of desiccant dioxide, drink plenty of water to dilute it. If you eat more, there are symptoms of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, may be iron poisoning, had to go to the hospital.

For desiccants, you should pay attention to these:

In recent years, there have been more than one explosions as a result of adding lime desiccant to the bottle. In response, industry insiders reminded parents that they must avoid children's exposure to desiccants in food.

Not allowed to eat:

Lime desiccant releases heat as it turns to calcium hydroxide and can burn the mouth or esophagus. At the same time, calcium hydroxide is alkaline and corrosive to the oral cavity and esophagus. If it is splashed into the eyes, it will cause damage to the conjunctiva and cornea.

No soaking:

The skin and eyes will be burned with heat, such as a closed space, a large quantity or in compliance with certain conditions, it will explode; after being put into a sealed bottle of empty water, the pressure may rush out of the container and spray on the skin and eyes, causing severe Burns

Timely wash for medical treatment:

In the unlikely event that a child in the family throws a lime desiccant into a sealed vial and explodes, it should immediately be cleaned thoroughly with a large amount of clean water. Pay attention to turning the eyeball and turning the upper and lower eyelids so that all parts are fully cleaned, and then as soon as possible. Go to the hospital.

Xiaobian reminds

When buying snacks for children, they must be taken out of the desiccant and placed away from children; parents should also teach children to stay away from desiccant, do not mess with the desiccant, do not put the desiccant into the water, so as to avoid explosion Tragedy; In addition, related companies should also strengthen the safety considerations of desiccants, try to use more desiccant safety.

The information in this article comes from the Internet and was reorganized and edited by China Rescue Equipment Network.

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